Project II: Allophony & Romanisation

Okay, lets tackle the allophony of Project II. The basic syllable structure was CV(C) where V can be any vowel, including diphthongs. That’s why we get consonant clusters like this: CV(C)CV(C) were two consonants meet. But first, the romanisation. Nothing special there.


Easy. Goes like this.

/f v/ <f v>
/s z/ <s>
/ʃ ʒ/ <z>
/h/ <h>

/p b/ <p b>
/t d/ <t d>
/k g/ <k g>

/n m ɹ l j/ <n m r l j>

/a e i o u/ <a e i o u>
/aː eː iː oː uː/ <aa ee ii oo uu>
/ai ua ei/ <ai ua ei>

Cluster Allophony

Devoicing of Plosives

If two neighbouring plosives differ in voicing, they get devoiced.

Ex.: nupga / –> [nup.ka]

If two plosives from the same PoA meet, the voiced one is deleted entirely.

Ex.: dagka /dag.ka/ –> [da.ka]


Gemination with /h/

When a consonant is followed by /h/, it gets geminated.

Ex.: azha /aʃ.ha/ –> [aʃː.a]


Pre-Vowel Lengthening with /h/

If a vowel is followed by /h/ and another consonant follows, the /h/ drops and the vowel is lengthened.

Ex.: ahza / –> [aː.ba]

When /h/ is preceded by a diphthong, it still drops, but the diphthong is unaffected.


Devoicing of /v z ʒ b d g/ after a Short Vowel

If a voiced obstruent (like those above) is preceded by a short vowel, it gets devoiced.

Ex.: avba / –> []


Single Consonant Allophony

Voicing of (Post-) Alveolar Fricatives

If /s ʃ/ are followed by a long vowel and are in word-initial position, they become /z ʒ/ respectively.

Ex.: saan zaan /faːn saːn ʃaːn/ –> [zaːn ʒaːn]

If /s ʃ/ are in between two vowels, they become voiced.

Ex.: aza /aʃ.a/ –> [aʒ.a]

Diphthong Realisation

The diphthongs /ua ei/ are realised as [ʷa eʲi].


Yeah, that’s that. Nothing extreme yet. I just tried very hard to come up with a allophony. Probably that will change a good bit when I start to write/translate/speak the language.



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