Still Alive

I recently rediscovered this blog and I’m going to revive it. Kaalajur is still going, but I’m going to do major revisions to suit it my tastes.

I have been reading through all the previous blog posts and been amazed at the level of detail I actually went into. There’s is more information on here than in my Kaalajur reader! But I will, however, not revisit all those points and maybe differ from those previous posts here an there while I redevelop the language.

Project II: Allophony & Romanisation

Okay, lets tackle the allophony of Project II. The basic syllable structure was CV(C) where V can be any vowel, including diphthongs. That’s why we get consonant clusters like this: CV(C)CV(C) were two consonants meet. But first, the romanisation. Nothing special there.

Romanisation

Easy. Goes like this.

/f v/ <f v>
/s z/ <s>
/ʃ ʒ/ <z>
/h/ <h>

/p b/ <p b>
/t d/ <t d>
/k g/ <k g>

/n m ɹ l j/ <n m r l j>

/a e i o u/ <a e i o u>
/aː eː iː oː uː/ <aa ee ii oo uu>
/ai ua ei/ <ai ua ei>

Cluster Allophony

Devoicing of Plosives

If two neighbouring plosives differ in voicing, they get devoiced.

Ex.: nupga /nup.ga/ –> [nup.ka]

If two plosives from the same PoA meet, the voiced one is deleted entirely.

Ex.: dagka /dag.ka/ –> [da.ka]

 

Gemination with /h/

When a consonant is followed by /h/, it gets geminated.

Ex.: azha /aʃ.ha/ –> [aʃː.a]

 

Pre-Vowel Lengthening with /h/

If a vowel is followed by /h/ and another consonant follows, the /h/ drops and the vowel is lengthened.

Ex.: ahza /ah.ba/ –> [aː.ba]

When /h/ is preceded by a diphthong, it still drops, but the diphthong is unaffected.

 

Devoicing of /v z ʒ b d g/ after a Short Vowel

If a voiced obstruent (like those above) is preceded by a short vowel, it gets devoiced.

Ex.: avba /av.ba/ –> [af.ba]

 

Single Consonant Allophony

Voicing of (Post-) Alveolar Fricatives

If /s ʃ/ are followed by a long vowel and are in word-initial position, they become /z ʒ/ respectively.

Ex.: saan zaan /faːn saːn ʃaːn/ –> [zaːn ʒaːn]

If /s ʃ/ are in between two vowels, they become voiced.

Ex.: aza /aʃ.a/ –> [aʒ.a]

Diphthong Realisation

The diphthongs /ua ei/ are realised as [ʷa eʲi].

 

Yeah, that’s that. Nothing extreme yet. I just tried very hard to come up with a allophony. Probably that will change a good bit when I start to write/translate/speak the language.

 

The New Design

I’ve neeb playing around with some new designs from wordpress and I happen to really like this one. Clear cut lines, dark tone, good contrast, large font size.

Enjoy.

A New Phonology: Project II

So, here I am again. I think I need a new working name for my project, because it feels wrong to call it Kalaajur… I think I will call it Project II for the sake of simplicity.

So here we go:

Phonology for Project II

Consonants: /f v s z ʃ ʒ h p b t d k g n m ɹ l j ts/
Basically, nothing overly weird or fancy here. For me personally, it is a rather large inventory – but a large part will actually be allophonic. I will post the romanisation with the post on allophony.
Vowels: /a e i o u aː eː iː oː uː ai ua ei/
Oh, those are very weird and fancy vowels, aren’t they? Well… yeah, not much to say about those. The diphthongs count as long vowels, that’s why there’s no long version of them.

I came up with this phonology in a rather laborious way: I coined about 300 words and derived the phonology from those. With Project II, I really want to make sure that it is as much to my personal liking as possible. That’s why I started with “the language in my head”, just scribbling down the words without thinking about a system in the first place. Of course, I had to cut some bits of here and there, some oddities that slipped in. But still, I’m quite happy with the result.

The Phonotactics

…are, for now, rather simple:
CVC, but only /s ʃ k n ɹ l/ are allowed in word-final coda position.
So we get words in the form CVC CVC CVC, where two consonants will influence each other when adjacent to each other, but I haven’t worked on the allophony yet.

Project II will be a stress-based language with fixed stress: left, left windowed and nonperiphal. I read into those chapters on wals.info and essentially found the stress pattern I had intuitively devised for Project II. The long vowels will draw stress, because they are stress heavy. In the notation from wals.info, the pattern would be
[σ (σ σ)

That’s it so far. I will now dive into the allophony.

I hope that I’ll be able to incorporate some of the grammar ideas I had for Kalaajur.

Development Update

OK, Kalaajur has been scrapped. But long live Kalaajur! I noticed that I can without problems include the word Kalaajur into my new phonology. I haven’t decided whether the language will be called like that, but the word will surely be included.
Also, I decided to have a “resources” section in which I review resources for conlanging. That’s because I rarely read them nor even look into them. This could be a way to make me look into resources and have you benefit from it as well! The section will contain anything from conlang grammars and webpages over natlang descriptions to theoretical essays. Criterions will be things like length, readability/visual access and demand on preknowledge (target audience). I have to write a few essays in the next two weeks, but lets hope I won’t be too lazy afterwards to start the whole thing.

— Blogged from my phone.

Kalaajur is offically scrapped

I hereby announce that Kalaajur has been officially scrapped. That means no further development on the language.

Of course, I have a new project which yet has no name. I chose a different approach to it than with Kalaajur. With Kalaajur, I tried to come up with a significant amount of grammar first, even before the phonology. For now, I’m coming upo with words and words and words to get a feel for the language. I will start right away with inconsitent translations.

To be honest, I couldn’t resist systematizing it already, but I desperately want it to be unstable – that is – not to settle it yet. But soon you’ll know.

Phonolgy of Kalaajur

Finally, here’s the phonology of Kalaajur.

CONSONANTS

/t d c ɟ k ʃ̟ ɮ l j m ʁ/
<t d c z k s w l j m r>

The lack of a voice counterpart of /k/ is intended.

VOWELS

/a i ɔ u/
/aː iː ɔː uː/
<a i o u>
<aa ii oo uu>

 

So basically, everything stayed the same as in the very first post on Kalaajur.

I also came up with a vowel harmony which is fairly simple, like this:

<a i> – <o>
<o u> – <i>
<ai>  – <o>

How this harmony is applied, I will show in the following post!